Heel pain is typically a common complaint, and it has a number of common causes. It is essential to make a proper diagnosis of the cause of the symptoms so that the right treatment can be directed at it. If you are not sure of the cause of your symptoms, or if you have no idea of the specific treatment solution for your problem, it is best to seek medical assistance. Treatment of heel pain should be geared towards the actual cause of the condition.
Where you can get help:
- Visit My Podiatrist Melbourne CBD location
- Your doctor
Get in touch with a medical professional if the condition does not get better after two to three weeks of trying some home remedies. Also, ask professional help if the pain is severe and sudden, there is swelling or redness of the heel, and if you are unable to put weight on your own foot.
Plantar fascia – It is a band of ligament that runs through the sole due to the heel toward the ball of the foot. One of its major functions is to keep the joints and bones in place. Overstretching or bruising this connective tissue may cause swelling and heel pain.
Flat feet is a common cause, because the tissue is forced to overstretch as the arch flattens and foot spreads out. The pain may also be more painful in the morning or after sleeping. Oftentimes, plantar fasciitis is linked to heel spur. The plantar fascia rips and bleeds at the heel, and after a while, the injury calcifies and forms a bony growth.
Heel Spur – A spur is often connected to plantar fasciitis. This condition is usually seen in individuals with long standing heel pain resulting from plantar fasciitis.
Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome – This causes a huge nerve at the back of the foot to get pinched or entrapped. Just like the carpal tunnel syndrome in the hand, the tarsal tunnel syndrome can bring about heel pain.
Stress Fractures – The stress fractures of the calcaneus are not a common factor for heel pain. Stress fractures are found particularly in athletes like the long distance runners who are suffering from heel pain.
Posterior Heel Pain – This creates symptoms at the back of the foot, and not beneath it. Its causes include retrocalcaneal bursitis and Achilles tendonitis. By learning about the causes of posterior heel pain, you can easily know to treat it.
Just about anyone can have heel pain, but particular groups of people are at an increased risk of acquiring heel pain. And these include:
- Individuals who are obese or overweight
- Pregnant women
- Middle-aged people
- Physically active individuals
- Children between eight and 13 years old (especially boys)
- Those who are on their feet for long duration
Based on the overall condition, heel pain is diagnosed using a few tests, such as medical history, x-rays and physical examination, including the joints and muscles of the leg and foot.
The Best Treatments for Heel Pain
The treatment of heel pain will depend entirely on the cause of the condition. Therefore, it is extremely important that you know the cause of the symptoms before you set about a treatment plan. The following are a few common treatments for heel pain:
- Avoid stressful activities. You can take a few days off running or biking. Resting usually helps clear away even the worst type of pain, and enables the swelling to cool down. However, when pain is extreme, perform activities which you can tolerate only.
- Putting ice can help control the heel pain and reduce some of the symptoms. Icing is particularly helpful after a serious exacerbation of the symptoms.
- Performing stretches and exercises can relax the tissues surrounding the heel bone. A few basic exercises that are done on a regular basis, can help individuals feel much better fast. Spend a few minutes a day for this to ease the pain.
- Anti-inflammatory drugs help control heel pain and reduce inflammation. These over-the-counter medications are often enough, but prescription drugs are available as well. Ask your doctor which medicine is best for your condition.
- Shoe inserts are usually the key to an effective treatment for this condition. The shoe inserts enable the patients to carry on their daily activities without experiencing heel pain. Choose the ones recommended by a specialist.
Heel pain is a condition to a huge number of people, although in many instances it can be treated with simple measures. Moreover, early treatment can keep heel pain from turning into a chronic condition.